Seyss-Inquart and Clingendael

The Reichskommissar (head) of the Nazi-occupied Netherlands between 1940 and 1945 was an Austrian lawyer called Arthur Seyss-Inquart. He lived on the Clingendael estate. In 1943 most government departments moved from The Hague to places inland, like Hilversum and Utrecht. Seyss-Inquart remained in the city, as a symbol of unflinching German authority. To protect his headquarters, a second high-security militarised zone (StĆ¼tzpunktgruppe Clingendael) was created, defended by its own anti-tank ditches and bunkers.